Abnormal Repolarization in the Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients: A Frequency-Based Characterization
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Abnormal Repolarization in the Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients: A Frequency-Based Characterization

The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal 11 Jul 2014 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874120701408010042

Abstract

Despite ST elevation having poor sensitivity for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), it remains the main electrocardiographic (ECG) repolarization index for AMI diagnosis. Aim of the present study was to propose a new f99 index, defined as the frequency at which the repolarization normalized cumulative energy reaches 99%, for ECG AMI discrimination from health with good sensitivity and good specificity. Evaluation of such f99 index was performed on 12-standard-lead (I, II, III, aV1, aVr, aVf, V1 to V6) ECG recordings of 47 healthy controls and 108 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. Repolarization dispersion caused f99 distributions to be significantly lead dependent. In most leads (leads I, II, aVl, aVr, V2-V6), f99 median value was lower in the healthy controls (10-17 Hz) than in the AMI patients (12-38 Hz) indicating higher frequency components (i.e. a more fragmented repolarization) in the latter population. AMI patients from healthy controls discrimination by f99, evaluated in terms of sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp), was also lead dependent. Single-lead analysis indicated leads I (Se=80%, Sp=77%) and aVl (Se=84%, Sp=74%) as optimal. Instead, lead-system analysis, performed to overcome dispersion issues, provided the best results when averaging over the 6 precordial leads (Se= 81% and Sp=74%). In conclusion, our new f99 index appears as a promising tool for non-invasively and reliably discriminate AMI patients from healthy subjects.

Keywords: Digital electrocardiography, ECG repolarization index, myocardial infarction, repolarization variability, T-wave frequency content. .