RESEARCH ARTICLE

Remote Disease Diagnosis through IoMT-Enhanced Blood Cell Classification with Deep Learning

The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal 19 Apr 2024 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/0118741207289576240326075326

Abstract

Background

For the purpose of diagnosing diseases and developing treatment plans, blood cell pictures must be accurately classified. This procedure can be greatly enhanced by automated systems that make use of deep learning and the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT).

Objective

In order to improve illness detection and increase healthcare accessibility, this work suggests an IoMT-based system for remote blood cell picture transmission and classification utilizing deep learning algorithms.

Methods

High-resolution pictures of blood cells are captured by an IoMT tiny camera and wirelessly sent to a cloud-based infrastructure. The blood cells are divided into groups according to a, deeplearning classification algorithm, including neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, and eosinophils.

Results

The IoMT-enabled system excels in transmitting and analyzing blood cell images, achieving precise classification. Utilizing deep learning models with multi-scale feature extraction and attention mechanisms, the system demonstrates robust performance. Numerical results showcase a high accuracy of approximately 97.21%, along with noteworthy precision, recall, and F1 scores for individual blood cell classes. Eosinophil, Lymphocyte, Monocyte, and Neutrophil classes exhibit strong performance metrics, emphasizing the system's effectiveness in accurate blood cell classification.

Conclusion

By combining IoMT and deep learning with blood cell image analysis, diagnostic accessibility and efficiency are improved. The suggested approach has the potential to completely transform healthcare by facilitating prompt interventions, individualized treatment regimens, and better patient outcomes. It is essential to continuously enhance and validate the system in order to maximize its efficacy and dependability in a variety of healthcare settings.

Keywords: Blood cell image analysis, IoMT, Deep learning, Classification, Eosinophil, Healthcare accessibility, Remote diagnostics, Convolutional neural networks (CNNs), Automated classification.
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