Essentials of Predicting Epileptic Seizures Based on EEG Using Machine Learning: A Review

Vibha Patel1, *, Jaishree Tailor2, Amit Ganatra3
1 Department of Computer Engineering, Chhotubhai Gopalbhai Patel Institute of Technology (CGPIT), Uka Tarsadia University, Gujarat, India
2 Shrimad Rajchandra Institute of Management and Computer Application (SRIMCA), Uka Tarsadia University, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Computer Engineering, DEPSTAR, Charotar University of Science and Technology (CHARUSAT), Gujarat, India

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© 2021 Patel et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Computer Engineering, Chhotubhai Gopalbhai Patel Institute of Technology (CGPIT), Uka Tarsadia University, Gujarat, India; E-mail:



Epilepsy is one of the chronic diseases, which requires exceptional attention. The unpredictability of the seizures makes it worse for a person suffering from epilepsy.


The challenge to predict seizures using modern machine learning algorithms and computing resources would be a boon to a person with epilepsy and its caregivers. Researchers have shown great interest in the task of epileptic seizure prediction for a few decades. However, the results obtained have not clinical applicability because of the high false-positive ratio. The lack of standard practices in the field of epileptic seizure prediction makes it challenging for novice ones to follow the research. The chances of reproducibility of the result are negligible due to the unavailability of implementation environment-related details, use of standard datasets, and evaluation parameters.


Work here presents the essential components required for the prediction of epileptic seizures, which includes the basics of epilepsy, its treatment, and the need for seizure prediction algorithms. It also gives a detailed comparative analysis of datasets used by different researchers, tools and technologies used, different machine learning algorithm considerations, and evaluation parameters.


The main goal of this paper is to synthesize different methodologies for creating a broad view of the state-of-the-art in the field of seizure prediction.

Keywords: Epilepsy, EEG, Machine learning, Seizure prediction, India, Behavioral, Health.