RESEARCH ARTICLE


Effect of Bio-Oss® Collagen and Collagen Matrix on Bone Formation



R.W.K Wong*, A.B.M Rabie
Biomedical and Tissue Engineering, University of Hong Kong, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong


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© Wong and Rabie; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the 2/F, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong; Tel: 852-28590554; Fax: 852-25593803; E-mail: fyoung@hkucc.hku.hk


Abstract

Objective:

to compare the amount of new bone produced by Bio-Oss® Collagen to that produced by collagen matrix in vivo.

Method:

eighteen bone defects, 5mm by 10mm were created in the parietal bone of 9 New Zealand White rabbits. 6 defects were grafted with Bio-Oss® Collagen. 6 defects were grafted with collagen matrix alone (positive control) and 6 were left empty (negative control). Animals were killed on day 14 and the defects were dissected and prepared for histological assessment. Quantitative analysis of new bone formation was made on 100 sections (50 sections for each group) using image analysis.

Results:

A total of 339% more new bone was present in defects grafted with Bio-Oss® Collagen than those grafted with collagen matrix (positive control). No bone was formed in the negative control group.

Conclusion:

Bio-Oss® Collagen has the effect of stimulating new bone formation locally compared with collagen matrix in vivo. Bio-Oss® Collagen may be utilized as a bone graft material.

Keywords: Bone graft, Collagen, Bio-Oss® Collagen..