Texture Analysis and Radial Basis Function Approximation for IVUS Image Segmentation

The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal 28 Sept 2007 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874120700701010053


>Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has become in the last years an important tool in both clinical and research applications. The detection of lumen and media-adventitia borders in IVUS images represents a first necessary step in the utilization of the IVUS data for the 3D reconstruction of human coronary arteries and the reliable quantitative assessment of the atherosclerotic lesions. To serve this goal, a fully automated technique for the detection of lumen and media-adventitia boundaries has been developed. This comprises two different steps for contour initialization, one for each corresponding contour of interest, based on the results of texture analysis, and a procedure for approximating the initialization results with smooth continuous curves. A multilevel Discrete Wavelet Frames decomposition is used for texture analysis, whereas Radial Basis Function approximation is employed for producing smooth contours. The proposed method shows promising results compared to a previous approach for texture-based IVUS image analysis.

Keywords: Intravascular ultrasound, coronary arteries, image segmentation, lumen, media, adventitia, boundaries, texture analysis. .
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