RESEARCH ARTICLE

Foot Modeling and Smart Plantar Pressure Reconstruction from Three Sensors

The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal 30 Oct 2014 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874120701408010084

Abstract

In order to monitor pressure under feet, this study presents a biomechanical model of the human foot. The main elements of the foot that induce the plantar pressure distribution are described. Then the link between the forces applied at the ankle and the distribution of the plantar pressure is established. Assumptions are made by defining the concepts of a 3D internal foot shape, which can be extracted from the plantar pressure measurements, and a uniform elastic medium, which describes the soft tissues behaviour. In a second part, we show that just 3 discrete pressure sensors per foot are enough to generate real time plantar pressure cartographies in the standing position or during walking. Finally, the generated cartographies are compared with pressure cartographies issued from the F-SCAN system. The results show 0.01 daN (2% of full scale) average error, in the standing position.

Keywords: 3D foot shape, biomechanics, foot modeling, numerical simulation, plantar pressure cartography, pressure sensors, instrumented insole..
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